Hanleni halsen (introduction)

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Chris Peters

Neajrac vihle necat'a thlu esagme.
J'akmicru ayvihnue nefeli nun-ludehmi.
Janorbi evurw ayliat ned'a nun-cidraci.
Nijun-zu el'ine lisri vihlehro nave?

The bird's song deals with important things.
A heron's clothes are cleaned with dew.
A lark reverently praises the evening sky.
But does nature really understand bird's sound/thoughts?

Nea-jrac vihle ne-cat'a thlu esagme.
Regards the bird 's song things important.

The verb jrac is in the present tense, descriptive voice. vihle means "bird", and the possessive here is marked by placing the prefix ne on the second of the 2 nouns, cat'a: meaning "song". The final word is the adjective or descriptive verb "important", placed after the noun it modifies, with the e- prefix showing it's the descriptive infinitive form.

J'a-kmicru ay-vihnue ne-feli nun- lu-dehmi.
Are-Cleaned a heron 's clothes [null] with dew.

The verb in this case is in the "descriptive" voice, present tense, much like the English passive. The subject vihnue has the indefinite article ay as a prefix, then the next noun feli is in the same possessive construction I described above. The final expression, nun-ludehmi is a bit more complicated: normal Ricadh prepositional structure is as follows: noun1 prep-noun2, where the preposition is a prefix on the second of a pair (just like the possessive pattern with ne-). In this case, there is no first noun, so I put the null marker nun as a place holder, a marker that shows the prepositional phrase refers back to the verb, instead of the non-existent previous noun. The preposition lu- means "with", or "using".

Jan-orbi evurw ay-liat ned'a nun- ci- draci.
Praises reverently a lark the sky [null] during-the evening.

Another verb "praise", this time in the active present, followed by the adverb evurw, "reverently" or "religiously". The rest of this structure, you've seen before ...

Ni-jun- zu e-l'ine lisri vihlehro nave?
Understand but completely nature birdsound Q?

Difficult, 3-element verb construction here. The verb jun in this case is Active voice, present tense. A second verb modifier zu, meaning "but", is placed directly after that. The adverb e-l'ine (completely) follows directly after that. Now with all verb modifiers out of the way, we can proceed with the Subject lisri (Nature with a Capital N), and the Object vihlehro, a compound "bird + sound". The final word nave makes the sentence a yes-no question.

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© Irina Rempt, Chris Peters 23-06-1999